What to do against HCB?

There is a problem in the beautiful Görtschitztal in Carinthia. The whole drama can be read here. A report of the Federal Environment Agency is available here.

In principle, we are dealing with a large-scale poisoning of the environment and all the resulting disadvantages.

How toxic is HCB? *

HCB is among the twelve most dangerous industrial chemicals ever. It can u.a. Cause cancer, but also affect the liver and hormone system. It is also particularly dangerous because it is persistent (persistent, hardly biodegradable) and can accumulate in organisms. A longer lasting intake of small amounts can be more problematic than a one-time high intake.

What about the degradability of HCB in the environment and in the body? *

HCB is hardly degradable. In the soil, science assumes a half-life of about 20 years, which means that in 20 years half of it is mined.

Also in the body HCB is bad, but probably better than in the soil, degradable. In any case, it is crucial for a decrease that no new admission takes place. In any case, it can be assumed that a reduction takes many years.

It can be assumed that the half-life in the body depends on the concentration. That is, at high concentrations, degradation occurs slightly faster than at lower concentrations. Unfortunately, there is a lack of scientific research to provide more reliable information. An effective “detoxification method” is unknown.

* Source: Greenpeace

To make it short.

We sampled from a river that flows through the contaminated area and mixed it with different types of GaNS. Since this GaNS is a very special liquid, we had expected a change in the samples and were not disappointed.

In total, we had 10 samples examined by a research laboratory and provided the results report here.

ProtLab GPL

Identity

Molecular formula: C6Cl6

Physicochemical properties (IPCS, 1997)

Melting Point – 230°C
Boiling Point – Sublimes at 322°C
Vapour pressure – 0.0023 Pa at 20°C
Water Solubility – 5 μg/litre
Log octanol-water partition coefficient – 5.2

Major uses

Historically, hexachlorobenzene (HCB) had many uses in agriculture; the major agricultural application for HCB used to be as a seed dressing for crops such as wheat, barley, oats and rye to prevent the growth of fungi. The use of HCB in such applications was discontinued in many countries in the 1970s owing to concerns about the adverse effects on the environment and human health. However, HCB may continue to be used for this purpose in some countries. Currently, its main significance appears to be as a by-product of several chemical processes or an impurity in some pesticides. HCB is found to be widespread throughout the environment because it is mobile and resistant to degradation. Volatilization from water to air and sedimentation following adsorption to suspended particulates are the major removal processes from water. Although HCB is not readily leached from soils and sediments, some desorption does occur and may be a continuous source of HCB to the environment, even if inputs to the system stop. In the troposphere, HCB is transported over long distances by virtue of its persistence, but does undergo slow photolytic degradation (the half-life is approximately 80 days) (IPCS, 1997).

The bioaccumulative properties of HCB result from the combination of its physicochemical properties (high octanol–water partition coefficient) and its slow elimination due to limited metabolism related to its high chemical stability (IPCS, 1997).


Analytical Methods

HCB in water can be extracted with organic solvents (e.g., hexane) and then determined by gas chromatography using an electron capture detector. The detection limit of this method is 5 ng/litre (Ang et al., 1989).
Protlab GPL received water probes for analysing the concentration of HCB. The origin of the water is a river from southern Austria according to our client. Furthermore, other samples were taken from neighboring regions for examination, too.
We use for details examination in the environment the growth behavior (bioavailability) of Daphnia magna, which can be interpreted as an indicator of the residual concentration of HCB in water. Different technologies have been used, including research technologies and systems which are new cutting edge state-of-the-art methods . For us, the background is to better understand the bioaccumulation of substances like HCB. Our investigation also includes studies of contaminated water in different biocompartments, e.g. thus, the flow rate of a river, its sun exposure, and thus algae growth and plant growth could play a role in the bioaccumulation properties of HCB.
However, the toxicological and physcochemical characteristics of HCB and its methods of analysis in waters, foods, … are also in consistent movement and thus the maximum values since 1969. For example in 100 samples of surface waters HCB was found to be present in 90% at an average level of 2.1 ppt, 37 ppb were found in the soil and as much as 6.9 ppm in the liver of birds found dead in an certain circumcircle of intensive agriculture and industry. In the last 2 years, we also received samples from other parts from Europe and found HCB in cows milk (81%positive) at an average level of 4.4 ppb. However, our studies confirm the occurence of HCB as an “indecency” in agricultural excipients, its by-product synthesis during the synthesis of chemical industry products and its presence in industrial waste. But there is also a fluctuation in the concentration of different substances, which cause is still to be clarified.

ProtLab GPL does not guarantee that the information contained in this publication is complete and correct and shall not be liable for any damage incurred as a result of its use.


The analysis report says, that in 3 out of 10 samples no HCB contamination is detectable.

If you want to get rid of HCB in your water there are at least 3 ways to do it. We succeeded with our good old friends CuO2, CH3 and a Magrav system.

So what we did in detail is realy simple. We took 21 drops of CuO2 liquid plasma and put them into the water probe (10ml). We did the same with CH3 liquid plasma in another contamined water probe. In both probes there were no more HCB detectable after 2 days.

The third method of removing HCB out of water is the simplest one. You have to do nothing but put the water for at least 6 hours very close to a MaGrav system. We did it and had success.


24/7 Magrav power measurement

Anyone who has been running a Magrav in the household for a long time may find that the power consumption of household appliances decreases over time.

We got a good power meter (ELV Energy Master), which shows not only the apparent power (S), but also active power (P), the cosPhi (power factor) as well as voltage (U), current (I) and mains frequency. The following devices are connected via this power meter and run around the clock.

  • 2x LED lamps, 120W per lamp – workshop light (manufacturer writes 300W, but that is not correct., Measurement resulted in 124W)
  • 3x OSRAM DULUX, 23W per lamp – workstation lights
  • 2x fluorescent lamps, 38W per lamp – workplace lights
  • 1x fan, 30W
  • 2x fan each 1W
  • 1x Humidifier Medisana AH 660, 30W
  • 1x mains transformer, 550 VA (to supply all 12V customers, which I can not list all)
  • 1x watervortex, 5W – so we do not die of thirst
  • 3 additional power supplies, 1W per power supply
  • 1x refrigerator, 60W – so we do not starve

All of this equipment runs 24 hours a day, all year round and never shuts off.

The power meter shows us a total load of 464.9 watts (real power). That is now the total consumption of all devices. The values ​​for voltage and current were measured with other measuring devices in order to get as accurate a result as possible and to rule out gross measuring errors or defective devices.

To check the information we have to calculate now.

Apparent power S = U x I

S = 229.9 volts x 2,122 amps = 487.85 VA

The meter shows 488.2 VA – so it’s right, because the mains voltage always fluctuates a bit (they may also within specified tolerances!)

Effective power P = U x I x cosPhi

P = 229.9V x 2.122A x 0.951 = 463.94W

Our meter calculates an active power of 464.9 W – so that’s true.

Manufacturers must write down the energy requirement and other information on each nameplate for each electrical appliance. More detailed information can be found in the manual – usually in the back where no one is looking – in the technical details.

The consumers in total

2x 120W + 3x 23W + 2x 38W + 1x30W + 1x60W are 475W

I will not continue now because we are already above the consumption value that the meter indicates.

If the few lamps, fans and the fridge consume more than the ad tells us, you may ask what has become of the rest. Either all measuring instruments are defective, or the manufacturers deliberately attribute more consumption to their devices than indicated on the rating plate. No idea which manufacturer would need it – in times where saving energy is rewarded would have little sense and it is against the law. In the end, only the Magrav remains as the author. Or you make friends with the idea that some electrical appliances need no energy to run.

Difficult..

Magrav load mystery

The Magrav or its field brings again and again amazing effects to light of which most people do not notice. Especially when trying to measure something reasonable many fails. I write this because you can see a meter with numbers on the photo. Why this is uninteresting es will discuss later.

What do we actually have there?

The photo shows a three-pole cable with the well-known colors brown, blue and green / yellow. The brown or black conductor marks the phase (AC 230V, 50Hz) which you are NOT allowed to touch. The blue cable is the neutral conductor which carries no mains voltage. It serves only as ‘return line’ and is connected to the green / yellow earth in the electrical distribution room.

At the terminals you can measure between brown and blue the mains voltage. Depending on the network load, these are between 220 and 230 volts AC (AC). The mains frequency of 50Hz is relatively constant.

The black cable comes from the Magrav Load output!

Magrav Load

Between the neutral conductor (N, blue) and the earth (Pe, green / yellow) we operate a glow lamp AND a small LED in parallel. The measured voltage – or rather the numerical value produced by the meter – is 26V DC.

Anyone who has some idea of the matter will probably wonder now how to do it. A glow lamp that only works at around 70V AC while operating an LED that requires 2V DC is already a very ambitious project.

As you can see it works anyway!

Magrav Load

But it’s getting better. What I have not mentioned so far is that we clamp the earth off the Magrav for testing purposes. There is no physical connection between the neutral conductor (N, blue) and the earth (Pe, green / yellow) at the load side of the Magrav.

Installation Magrav

That brings us to a few urgent questions now.

  • Why is there a tension between N and Pe
  • Why does electricity flow when the earth ‘hangs in the air’?
  • Why does this voltage / potential difference work simultaneously for AC and DC customers?

From experiments we know that the nano-coating progresses goes on within the copper cables. And we know from classical electrical engineering that parallel cables have an own capacity. If the nano-layer continued to increase this self-capacitance, the interesting effect would be as good as explained and we can exclude the Magrav as a source. Which would be wrong, because the Magrav is the one who produces nanolayers.

In order for new input, we discuss the topic with Rick, Shandor and Armand and come to a new very interesting theory.

MaGrav power measurement

Determining the power of a vacuum cleaner which is connected to the MaGrav Load

Trial period: May to July 2017

Vacuum cleaner: SIMPEX model no. 17730
Power consumption according to the manufacturer: 800W (active power)

Measuring Equipment:

  1. LANDIS & GYR AC meter (375 U / kWh)
  2. ELV Energy Master
  3. Voltcraft VC 170-1
  4. Benning MKII

MaGrav model

experimental magrav
Homemade based on the official Keshe MaGrav Blueprint.


To measure the power consumption of the vacuum cleaner, it was connected to the MaGrav at the output (referred to as load) immediately after purchase and put into operation. This device as indicated by the manufacturer needs 805 watts in normal operation. This value was provided by power meter ELV Energy Master . The vacuum cleaner was idling (new empty dust bag) for about five minutes.

Two days later we measure again under real world conditions. The power meter showed only 630 watts – the value fluctuated by about 20 watts in both directions. If, for example, upholstered furniture was vacuumed, the absorption capacity dropped – if parquet or tiled floors were vacuumed, the absorption capacity increased.

In parallel, the current and voltage were measured to check the values ​​of the power meter. This is accomplished by knowing the cosPhi (power factor) and by known equation:

P = U x I x cosPhi


Measurement with the AC meter

The vacuum cleaner is put into operation and we read the energy consumed on the AC meter in the form of revolutions. For 10 revolutions 128.56 seconds are measured (mobile stopwatch). Under load (suction tube closed at 50%) 167.01 seconds are required for 10 revolutions.

Difference between measurements: 38.45 seconds or 29.90%

This means that the vacuum cleaner draws less energy from the power grid when operating under load. It is therefore completely contrary to the information that the manufacturers themselves make about their devices. See: https: // www. welt.de/wirtschaft/article147904998/Tricksen-Hersteller-beim-Staubsauger-Stromverbrauch.html


Further links

Electrical Power: https://www.elektronik-kompendium.de /sites/grd/0201114.htm

On the subject of a detailed explanation of the determination of power in the AC circuit of Wolfgang Rudolph with capacitive or inductive load and under the influence of the resulting phase shift: https://youtu.be/f39-YXy_xdQ